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Technological sovereignty: From conceptual contradiction to practical implementation

TERRA ECONOMICUS, , Vol. 21 (no. 4),

Technological sovereignty is on the agenda of both analytical perspectives and academic discussions. Current literature promotes the idea that the framework of technological sovereignty should be clearly separated from the model of economic autarky; it is argued that technological sovereignty is essentially a cooperative strategy, but with elements of state control. However, the return of state agency in the realignment of global technological chains inevitably extends the practices of technological protectionism and the blockfragmentation of international trade. This contradiction, we argue, follows the paradox of classical sovereignty. In this paper we consider both the conceptual foundations of technological sovereignty and the more practical aspects of ensuring it. At the conceptual level, we note that technological sovereignty is emerging in different countries in response to the proliferation of technological platforms that have become an unexpected source of extraterritorial institutional influence. This brings us to the problem of practical analysis of technological platforms, associated technology chains and the selection of key elements that should be supported by domestic R&D platforms. Criteria for selecting such elements may include the degree of commoditization and the minimum scale of implementation. As an example of an emerging tradition, we analyze the technology chain in the mobile telecommunications equipment sector. We find that securing technological sovereignty is inherently reactive in nature. It is associated with a failure of economic efficiency in the short run, but allows to reduce the risks of extraterritorial institutional influence in the long run.
Citation: Gareev T.R. (2023). Technological sovereignty: From conceptual contradiction to practical implementation. Terra Economicus 21(4), 38–54 (in Russian). DOI: 10.18522/2073-6606-2023-21- 4-38-54

Keywords: technological sovereignty; technological platform; commoditization; localization; international trade; technology policy; technology chain; extraterritorial institutional influence

JEL codes: F50, F63, O33, O38

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Publisher: Southern Federal University
Founder: Southern Federal University
ISSN: 2073-6606