• Home
  • Issues
  • 2023
  • No 4
  • Regional cooperation in higher education and research in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries

Regional cooperation in higher education and research in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries

TERRA ECONOMICUS, , Vol. 21 (no. 4),

Higher education and research represent the driving forces for economic and institutional change in both developed and developing countries all around the world. The countries of the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean (SEMCs) are not an exception from this case as they are making notable efforts to enhance the institutional reform of higher education. Despite many positive results, these countries have still failed to join the era of the technological revolution, which would allow them to correct their disadvantageous position in international trade, as well as to adequately develop and use human resources. Our paper focuses on the importance of regional cooperation in higher education and research for economic, social, and institutional development in the SEMCs. We demonstrate that universities in developing countries face greater challenges than their counterparts in the developed countries. We focus on assessing the European Union’s (EU) efforts and contribution to the Euro-Mediterranean integration and institutional change since the future development of the Mediterranean countries is linked to the European integration processes. Finally, the paper outlines recent trends in the interconnection between regional integration in the EU and the Mediterranean. Our results might be of special interest for the policymakers and academics in the field of higher education and regional economics.
Citation: Huraj Rošteková M., Masár D. (2023). Regional cooperation in higher education and research in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries. Terra Economicus 21(4), 135–148. DOI: 10.18522/2073-6606-2023-21-4-135-148
Acknowledgment: This paper was supported by the Grant VEGA No. 1/0320/21 “The role of universities in building a knowledge economy”

Keywords: higher education; regional cooperation; institutional change; European Union; Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries

JEL codes: I23, O30, R58

  • Abad-Segura, E., González-Zamar, M. (2021). Sustainable economic development in higher education institutions: A global analysis within the SDGs framework. Journal of Cleaner Production 294, 126133. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126133
  • Abad-Segura, E., González-Zamar, M., Infante-Moro, J., Ruipérez García, G. (2020). Sustainable management of digital transformation in higher education: Global research trends. Sustainability 12(5), 2107. DOI: 10.3390/su12052107
  • Abballe-Boloré, V., Howse, R. (2009). L’Union pour la Méditerranée: un nouvel espace juridique: Vers une nouvelle culture méditerranéenne conciliable avec notre idéal social? Outre-Terre 23(3), 401–415. DOI: 10.3917/oute.023.0401
  • Abelha, M., Fernandes, S., Mesquita, D., Seabra, F., Ferreira-Oliveira, A. (2020). Graduate employability and competence development in higher education – A systematic literature review using PRISMA. Sustainability 12(15), 5900. DOI: 10.3390/su12155900
  • Aissaoui, S. (2016). Le rôle des universités dans les pays en développement : une revue de littérature. Revue Organisation et Territoire 2, 1–18. DOI: 10.48407/IMIST.PRSM/ot-n2.6506
  • Al-Shammari, N., Willoughby, J. (2019). Determinants of political instability across Arab Spring countries. Mediterranean Politics 24(2), 196–217. DOI: 10.1080/13629395.2017.1389349
  • Anthony, B., Kamaludin, A., Romli, A., Raffei, A., Nincarean, A., Eh Phon, D., Abdullah, A., Baba, S. (2019). Exploring the role of blended learning for teaching and learning effectiveness in institutions of higher learning: An empirical investigation. Education and Information Technologies 24, 3433–3466. DOI: 10.1007/s10639-019-09941-z
  • Biad, A. (2013). La construction du Maghreb au défi du partenariat euro-méditerranéen de l’Union européenne. L’Année du Maghreb 9, 103–124. DOI: 10.4000/anneemaghreb.1866
  • Čajka P., Čajková A. Krpálek P. (2023). The role of universities as the institutional drivers of innovation at the regional level. Terra Economicus 21(1), 94–107. DOI: 10.18522/2073-6606-2023-21-1-94-107
  • Caupin, V. (2019). Le Sud et l’Est de la Méditerranée: un espace économique fragmenté. Revue d’économie financière 136(4), 43–63. DOI: 10.3917/ecofi.136.0043
  • Chankseliani, M., McCowan, T. (2021). Higher education and the sustainable development goals. Higher Education 81(1), 1–8. DOI: 10.1007/s10734-020-00652-w
  • Chinta, R., Kebritchi, M., Ellias, J. (2016). A conceptual framework for evaluating higher education institutions. International Journal of Educational Management 30(6), 989–1002. DOI: 10.1108/IJEM-09-2015-0120
  • Coase, R. (1959). The federal communications commission. The Journal of Law and Economics 2, 1–40. DOI: 10.1086/466549
  • Coase, R. (2013). The problem of social cost. The Journal of Law and Economics 56(4), 837–877. DOI: 10.1086/674872
  • Cole, D. (2017). Laws, norms, and the Institutional Analysis and Development framework. Journal of Institutional Economics 13(4), 829–847. DOI: 10.1017/S1744137417000030
  • Cotella, G. (2020). How Europe hits home? The impact of European Union policies on territorial governance and spatial planning. Géocarrefour 94(3), 28. DOI: 10.18778/1231-1952.28.2.01
  • Cuttitta, P. (2020). Non-governmental/civil society organisations and the European Unionexternalisation of migration management in Tunisia and Egypt. Population, Space and Place 26(7), e2329. DOI: 10.1002/psp.2329
  • Dinbabo, M., Badewa, A., Yeboah, C. (2021). Socio-economic inequity and decision-making under uncertainty: West African migrants’ journey across the Mediterranean to Europe. Social Inclusion 9(1), 216–225. DOI: 10.17645/si.v9i1.3663
  • Fakih, A., Haimoun, N., Kassem, M. (2020). Youth unemployment, gender and institutions during transition: evidence from the Arab Spring. Social Indicators Research 150, 311–336. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-020-02300-3
  • Findler, F., Schönherr, N., Lozano, R., Reider, D., Martinuzzi, A. (2019). The impacts of higher education institutions on sustainable development: A review and conceptualization. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education 20(1), 23–38. DOI: 10.1108/IJSHE-07-2017-0114
  • García-Peñalvo, F. (2021). Avoiding the dark side of digital transformation in teaching. An institutional reference framework for eLearning in higher education. Sustainability 13(4), 2023. DOI: 10.3390/su13042023
  • Gorina, L., Gordova, M., Khristoforova, I., Sundeeva, L., Strielkowski, W. (2023). Sustainable education and digitalization through the prism of the COVID-19 pandemic. Sustainability 15(8), 6846. DOI: 10.3390/su15086846
  • Herranz-Surrallés, A. (2020). Thinking energy outside the frame? Reframing and misframing in Euro-Mediterranean energy relations. In: Roccu, R., Voltolini, B. (eds.) The EU in the Mediterranean after the Arab Uprisings. London: Routledge, pp. 122–141.
  • Hodgson, G. (2006). What are institutions? Journal of Economic Issues 40(1), 1–25. DOI: 10.1080/00213624.2006.11506879
  • Hodgson, G. (2007). The revival of Veblenian institutional economics. Journal of Economic Issues 41(2), 324–340. DOI: 10.1080/00213624.2007.11507019
  • Horváthová, Z., Čajková, A. (2018). Social and economic aspects of the EU ‘s education policy. Integration of Education 22(3), 412–425. DOI: 10.15507/1991-9468.092.022.201803.412-425
  • Jebeniani, J., Trabelsi, J. (2020). Youth Labour Market Frictions in Main MENA Region Countries: Sources and Consequences. Modern Economy 11(10), 1696. DOI: 10.4236/me.2020.1110117
  • Jena, R. (2020). Measuring the impact of business management Student’s attitude towards entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention: A case study. Computers in Human Behavior 107, 106275. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2020.106275
  • Jiroudková, A., Rovná, L., Strielkowski, W., Šlosarčík, I. (2015). EU accession, transition and further integration for the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Economics and Sociology 8(2), 11–25. DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2015/8-2/1
  • Kerras, H., Sánchez-Navarro, J., López-Becerra, E., De-Miguel Gomez, M. (2020). The impact of the gender digital divide on sustainable development: comparative analysis between the European Union and the Maghreb. Sustainability 12(8), 3347. DOI: 10.3390/su12083347
  • Losonczi, P., Vackova, M., Necas, P. (2019). The security of the wi-fi networks in university environment. Dilemas Contemporáneos: Educación, Política y Valores 7(1), 1–12.
  • Neira, M., Erguler, K., Ahmady-Birgani, H., Al-Hmoud, N., Fears, R., Gogos, C., Christophides, G. (2023). Climate change and human health in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East: Literature review, research priorities and policy suggestions. Environmental Research 216, 114537. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2022.114537
  • North, D. (1994). Economic performance through time. The American Economic Review 84(3), 359–368.
  • North, D. (2016). Institutions and economic theory. The American Economist 61(1), 72–76. DOI: 10.1177/0569434516630194
  • Ostrom, E. (2019). Institutional rational choice: An assessment of the institutional analysis and development framework. In: Sabatier, P. (ed.). Theories of the policy process, second edition. London: Routledge, pp. 21–64
  • Pérez-Castro, M., Mohamed-Maslouhi, M., Montero-Alonso, M. (2021). The digital divide and its impact on the development of Mediterranean countries. Technology in Society 64, 101452. DOI: 10.1016/j.techsoc.2020.101452
  • Robson, S., Wihlborg, M. (2019). Internationalisation of higher education: Impacts, challenges and future possibilities. European Educational Research Journal 18(2), 127–134. DOI: 10.1177/1474904119834779
  • Sá, M., Serpa, S. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic as an opportunity to foster the sustainable development of teaching in higher education. Sustainability 12(20), 8525. DOI: 10.3390/su12208525
  • Salmi, J., D’Addio, A. (2021). Policies for achieving inclusion in higher education. Policy Reviews in Higher Education 5(1), 47–72. DOI: 10.1080/23322969.2020.1835529
  • Samourkasidou, E., Kalergis, D. (2021). Tanzimat Reforms and Urban Transformations in Ottoman Port-Cities. Sociology Study 11(6), 259–272. DOI: 10.17265/2159-5526/2021.06.003
  • Smolentseva, A. (2020). Marketisation of higher education and dual-track tuition fee system in post-Soviet countries. International Journal of Educational Development 78, 102265. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2020.102265
  • Sorensen, G., Dennerlein, J., Peters, S., Sabbath, E., Kelly, E., Wagner, G. (2021). The future of research on work, safety, health and wellbeing: A guiding conceptual framework. Social Science & Medicine 269, 113593. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113593
  • Strielkowski, W., Höschle, F. (2016). Evidence for economic convergence in the EU: The analysis of past EU enlargements. Technological and economic development of Economy 22(4), 617–630. DOI: 10.3846/20294913.2014.890138
  • Tholens, S., Al-Jabassini, A. (2023). (Re) ordering the Mediterranean: The evolution of security assistance as an international practice. Mediterranean Politics 10, 1–21. DOI: 10.1080/13629395.2023.2183658
  • Tsai, Y., Poquet, O., Gašević, D., Dawson, S., Pardo, A. (2019). Complexity leadership in learning analytics: Drivers, challenges and opportunities. British Journal of Educational Technology 50(6), 2839–2854. DOI: 10.1111/bjet.12846
  • Uzhegova, D., Baik, C. (2022). Internationalisation of higher education in an uneven world: An integrated approach to internationalisation of universities in the academic periphery. Studies in Higher Education 47(4), 847–859. DOI: 10.1080/03075079.2020.1811220
  • Van Niekerk, A. (2020). Inclusive economic sustainability: SDGs and global inequality. Sustainability 12(13), 5427. DOI: 10.3390/su12135427
  • Védrine, H. (2007). 5+5=32 Feuille de route pour une Union Méditerranéenne. Paris: Editions Perrin.
  • Volchik, V. (2020). Narratives and understanding of economic institutions. Terra Economicus 18(2), 49–69. DOI: 10.18522/2073-6606-2020-18-2-49-69
  • Volchik, V., Zhuk, A., Korytsev. M. (2017). Competitive environment of the market of higher education in the Rostov region. Terra Economicus 15(3), 178–196. DOI: 10.23683/2073-6606-2017-15-3-178-196
  • Williamson, O. (1975). Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications, A Study in the Economics of Internal Organization. New York: Free Press.
  • Williamson, B. (2021). Making markets through digital platforms: Pearson, edu-business, and the (e) valuation of higher education. Critical Studies in Education 62(1), 50–66. DOI: 10.1080/17508487.2020.1737556
  • Witte, E. (1954). Institutional economics as seen by an institutional economist. Southern Economic Journal 15(3), 131–140. DOI: 10.2307/1054737
  • Zoubir, Y. (2022). China in the Southern Mediterranean: Integrating the Greater Maghreb in the new silk road. Mediterranean Politics 1, 1–35. DOI: 10.1080/13629395.2022.2035137
Publisher: Southern Federal University
Founder: Southern Federal University
ISSN: 2073-6606