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The role of universities as the institutional drivers of innovation at the regional level

TERRA ECONOMICUS, , Vol. 21 (no. 1),

This work assesses and scrutinizes the specific position of the universities and their relevance in fostering the regional development within the context of the globalized economy of the 21st century based on the relevant economic theories as well as the outcomes of the related research studies. Being both the educational as well as the research institutions, universities represent the important drivers that occupy an important position in knowledge-based and innovation-based society with a view to sustainable development at local, regional, national, and global levels. However, the society is sometimes not very much aware of the spectre and variety of services universities provide, or rather the way how the universities help to solve societal or local problems using their position and their activities. With the active cooperation of universities with local and regional governments in place, students have the opportunity to participate in identifying the problems of society and finding appropriate solutions by applying their theoretical knowledge. It is precisely the universities that, as the basis of an innovation system, should be the key for the regional innovation centres. We use a case study of Slovakia to demonstrate how universities can boost the innovative potential and foster the economic success in the competitive and globalized world economy.
Citation: Čajka P., Čajková A., Krpálek P. (2023). The role of universities as the institutional drivers of innovation at the regional level. Terra Economicus 21(1), 94–107. DOI: 10.18522/2073- 6606-2023-21-1-94-107
Acknowledgment: This paper was supported by the Grant VEGA No. 1/0320/21 “The role of universities in building a knowledge economy”.

Keywords: universities; institutional change; innovation; regional development; Slovakia

JEL codes: I23, O30, R58

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Publisher: Southern Federal University
Founder: Southern Federal University
ISSN: 2073-6606