A.I. Herzen and the theory of advanced development

TERRA ECONOMICUS, , Vol. 13 (no. 3),

The article deals with the problems of the theory of advanced development on the example of the scientific and literary heritage of A.I. Herzen. The theory of advanced development is criticized by the author. This theory was the dominant concept in the Soviet social science, and rather popular today. However, for many objective reasons today’s Russia cannot hope for advancing development. Current challenge is to overcome the negative effects of a radical reforms of the 1990s and reach the level of economic development of the world’s leading countries. The objective for the country is catch-up development, not advanced one. We also discuss the problem of the theory of social and economic alternatives, which was fashionable in the early 1990s, and has some supporters nowadays. special attention is paid to the civilizational approach, which, according to the author, denies the objective nature of economic laws and is essentially a quasi-scientific. Thus, this approach appears as opposing to the theory of development by stages and rejecting the objective nature of economic laws, equally valid for all countries and societies at similar stages of economic and social development. The conclusion is made that the stage of Russia’s capitalist development is the objective characteristic of a modern model of economic development, which, of course, has many negative consequences. Understanding of the negative character of capitalist and bourgeois relations creates the possibility of conscious control in order to minimize negative consequences. For today’s Russia it would be a rising stage of social development.

Keywords: A.I. Herzen; theory of advanced development; socio-economic alternatives; bourgeois stage of development

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Publisher: Southern Federal University
Founder: Southern Federal University
ISSN: 2073-6606