The Phenomenon of the «gothic» alienation

TERRA ECONOMICUS, , Vol. 13 (no. 4),

Classic works in economics are always modern and relevant. The article shows the aspects of the famous Marx’s work which, previously remained on the periphery of the analysts’ attention, has now reached the top of the agenda and become increasingly important for the economy of post-Soviet Russia. The author focuses on the features of the phenomenon of alienation in a transforming society. The article deals first with the conceptual characteristics of the phenomenon of alienation, then – its subject predetermination, further – alienation as the contextual meaning of the «Critique of the Gotha Program», and, finally, – characteristics of the forms of alienation predicted by K. Marx. These forms, according to the author’s opinion, have been implemented in the post-Soviet economy. There are a number of interdisciplinary issues of discursive character raised by the author in the article to grasp attention of the scientific community. The author concludes that the category of «alienation» has become fashionable. It is unlikely to be seen as a pure accident, since the merit of this category is its ability to absorb and reflect almost all the features of the modern society: social disjunctions, devastating loneliness, ruining crisis. Figuratively, modern alienation was defined only by Heidegger, inter alia, – in one word: «homelessness» as the fate of individual in the social world. This definition refers to the modern interpretation of existentialism. But even more homelessness characterize the «Gothic» society as the intermediate stage between capitalism and socialism: homeless (and therefore alienated) economy, homeless (and therefore alienated) policy, homeless (and therefore alienated) science and education. Actually, the entire «Gothic» period of a society existence is the period of the «homeless» alienation…

Keywords: comparison between the sociological and philosophical interpretation of the alienation and the economic one; economic context of the phenomenon of «alienation»; features of the «gothic» alienation predicted by K. Marx

  • Absava N.D. (2008). Toward the issue of alienation and some of its forms [K voprosu ob otchuzhdenii i nekotorykh ego formakh]. Мoscow. (In Russian.)
  • Afanasiev P.N. (2005). The alienation of the individual in the field of higher education [Otchuzhdenie lichnosti v sfere vyshego obrazovaniya]. Thesis abstract submitted in fulfillment of the degree of PhD in Sociology. Kazan: Kazan State University Publ. (In Russian.)
  • Balakin А.S. (2009). The alienation of labor [Otchuzhdenie truda]. Chelyabinsk humanitarian [Chelyabinskiy gumanitariy], vol. 1, no. 7, pp. 35–37. (In Russian.)
  • Burakov М.V. (2008). The tax alienation in the context of the philosophical problem of alienation [Nalogovoe otchuzhdenie v kontekste filosofskoi problemy otchuzhdeniya]. Humanitarian and socio-economic sciences [Gumanitarnye i sotsialno-ekonomicheskie nauki], no. 2, pp. 16–20. (In Russian.)
  • Buzgalin А.V. (2015). Objectification, reification and alienation: the relevance of the abstract philosophical discussions [Opredmechivanie, oveshchnenie i otchuzhdenie: aktualnost abstraktnykh filosofskikh diskussii]. Issues of philosophy [Voprosy filosofii], no. 5, pp. 124–129. (In Russian.)
  • Davletshin Z.К. (2008). Alienation in the structure of goal-setting in the post-industrial society [Otchuzhdenie v structure tselepolaganiya postindustrialnogo obshchestva].
  • Scientific notes of the Kazan University [Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo universiteta]. Humanitarian, vol. 150, no. 4, pp. 50–55. (In Russian.)
  • Demina О.А. and Mishin Yu.D. (2014). Forced alienation as the meaning of modernization of the national high school [Prinuzhdenie k otchuzhdeniyu kak smysl modernizatsii otechestvennoi vysshei shkoly]. European Social Science Journal, no. 7-3 (46), pp. 47–58. (In Russian.)
  • Dzherelievskaya I.К. (2009). Social order and the alienation of the individual [Sotsialnyi poryadok i otchuzhdenie lichnosti]. The socio-humanitarian knowledge [Sotsialnogumanitarnye znaniya], no. 4, pp. 116–124. (In Russian.)
  • Gerus V.I. (1994). Bureaucracy and alienation [Byurokratiya i otchuzhdenie]. Thesis abstract submitted in fulfillment of the degree of PhD in Philosophy. Almaty. (In Russian.)
  • Gogoladze L.М. (2014). The alienation of a person from his own existence in the contemporary socio-cultural dynamics of bodycentrizm [Otchuzhdenie cheloveka ot svoei sobstvennoi ekzistentsii v sovremennoi sotsiokulturnoi dinamike boditsentrizma]. Topical issues of social sciences: sociology, political science, philosophy, history [Aktualnye voprosy obshchestvennykh nauk: sotsiologiya, politologiya, filosofiya, istoriya], no. 36, pp. 54–58. (In Russian.)
  • Golub-Berezhnaya М.P. (2010). Alienation as a cultural matrix of human existence [Otchuzhdenie kak matritsa kulturnogo sushchestvovaniya cheloveka]. Humanitarian and socio-economic sciences [Gumanitarnye i sotsialno-ekonomicheskie nauki], no. 3, pp. 59–62. (In Russian.)
  • Kharlamov А.V. (2007). Social alienation in the information interaction [Sotsialnoe otchuzhdenie v informatsionnom vzaimodeistvii]. Thesis abstract submitted in fulfillment of the degree of PhD in Philosophy. Kemerovo: Kemerovo State University of Culture and Arts. (In Russian.)
  • Khokhlova А.V. (2008). Spiritual alienation in the educational system of modern Russia [Dukhovnoe otchuzhdenie v sisteme obrazovaniya sovremennoi Rossii]. Innovation in Education [Innovatsii v obrazovanii], no. 8, pp. 134–143. (In Russian.)
  • Khokhlova А.V. (2011). Spiritual alienation as a social technology of today [Dukhovnoe otchuzhdenie kak sotsialnaya tekhnologiya sovremennosti]. Power [Vlast], no. 11, pp. 26–29. (In Russian.)
  • Kuritsina О.V. (2006). Toward the issue of mutual influence and interdependence of the concepts of «alienation» and «isolation» [K voprosu o vzaimovliyanii i vzaimoobuslovlennosti ponyatii «otchuzhdenie» i «odinochestvo»]. Bulletin of Kazan Technological University, no. 2, pp. 376–380. (In Russian.)
  • Lisyuk Yu.А. (2008). Alienation of Russians from the state: a problem statement [Otchuzhdenie rossiiskikh grazhdan of gosudarstva: postanovka problemy]. Society and Law [Obshchestvo i pravo], no. 4, pp. 70–73. (In Russian.)
  • Lyakhova Ya.Yu. (2009). Alienation at professional activity as a philosophical problem [Otchuzhdenie v professionalnoi deyatelnosti kak filosofskaya problema]. Bulletin of the Northern (Arctic) Federal University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, no. 5, pp. 53–56. (In Russian.)
  • Lyashenko Yu.А. (2008). Alienation at work in the information society [Otchuzhdenie v sfere truda v usloviyakh informatsionnogo obshchestva]. Bulletin of the Novosibirsk State University. Series: Philosophy, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 77–81. (In Russian.)
  • Lyashenko Yu.А. (2009). The alienation of human in virtual reality: main forms and features [Otchuzhdenie cheloveka v virtualnoi realnosti: osnovnye formy i osobennosti]. Bulletin of the Novosibirsk State University. Series: Philosophy, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 50–54. (In Russian.)
  • Mamedov О.Yu. (2015). Economy of the Gothic period. Terra Economius, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 6–15. (In Russian.)
  • Pavlova Е.D. (2007). Information alienation as a social and philosophical problem [Informatsionnoe otchuzhdenie kak sotsialno-filosofskaya problema]. Actual problems of modern science [Aktualnye problemy sovremennoi nauki], no. 3 (35), pp. 34–35. (In Russian.)
  • Samardak М.V. and Mishin Yu.D. (2014). Forced alienation as the meaning of the policy of modernization of national higher education [Prinuzhdenie k otchuzhdeniyu kak smysl politiki modernizatsii otechestvennoi vysshei shkoly]. In the world of scientific discovery [V mire nauchnykh otkrytii], no. 11.3 (59), pp. 1312–1343. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/wsd-2014-11.3-9. (In Russian.)
  • Suvorov S.А. (2008). Alienation in the aspect of the dialectic of personal development [Otchuzhdenie v aspecte dialektiki lichnostnogo razvitiya]. Bulletin of the Tambov University. Series: Humanities, no. 9 (65), pp. 40–45. (In Russian.)
  • Uimina T.N. (2014). Alienation in the formation of the trend of modern society [Otchuzhdenie v obrazovanii kak tendentsiya sovremennogo sotsiuma. Bulletin of the Moscow City Pedagogical University. Series: Philosophy, no. 3 (11), pp. 67–77. (In Russian.)
  • Voronina S.А. (2012). Alienation as a paradox of the information society [Otchuzhdenie kak paradox informatsionnogo obshchestva]. Sociology in the modern world: science, education, creativity [Sotsiologiya v sovremennom mire: nauka, obrazovanie, tvorchestvo], no. 4 (4), pp. 060–064. (In Russian.)
  • Vorotnikov А.А. (2013). The alienation of the elite from the people [Otchuzhdenie elity ot naroda]. Bulletin of the Saratov State Socio-Economic University [Vestnik Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo sotsialno-ekonomicheskogo universiteta], no. 2, pp. 109–113. (In Russian.)
  • Wikipedia – the free encyclopedia (undated). Items «Microeconomy»; «Macroeconomy» (https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%97%D0%B0%D0%B3%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D1%81%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%86%D0%B0). (In Russian.)
  • Zubarev Е.V. (2010). The alienation of labor concept, economic category, and the main factors [Otchuzhdenie truda: ponyatie, ekonomicheskaya kategoriya i osnovnye factory]. Chelyabinsk humanitarian [Chelyabinskiy gumanitariy], vol. 1, no. 10, pp. 36–39. (In Russian.)
  • Zubko Yu.L. (1993). Economic alienation and its removal during the processes of privatization and improvments in the financial incentives to work [Ekonomicheskoe otchuzhdenie i ego snyatie v protsesse privatizatsii i sovershenstvovaniya materialnykh stimulov k trudu]. Thesis abstract submitted in fulfillment of the degree of PhD in Economics. Мoscow. (In Russian.)
Publisher: Southern Federal University
Founder: Southern Federal University
ISSN: 2073-6606