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Экономическая глобализация и её влияние на развитие кластеров

TERRA ECONOMICUS, , Том 15 (номер 2),

Цель данного исследования – провести обзор литературы, посвященной процессам глобализации и кластеризации, чтобы продемонстрировать понимание данных феноменов, а также того, какой теоретической позиции придерживаются ученые, анализируя данные процессы, и как эти подходы объясняют друг друга. Внимание бло сфокусировано главным образом на результатах и последствиях глобализации для стран, активно вовлеченных в развивающийся процесс, а не теоретическим аспектам, в то время как литература, посвященная процессам кластеризации, была подобрана таким образом, чтобы осветить глобализацию. При этом авторы попытались разглядеть связи между данными феноменами. Для достижения данной цели был использован библиометрический анализ статей, содержащихся в базе даны «Emerald Insight». Результаты исследования свидетельствуют о том, что основная проблема, порожденная процессом глобализации, – неравенство доходов и заработной платы, которые может быть уменьшено в результате получения образования людьми, развития их навыков и знаний, что повысило бы их конкурентоспособность. Конкурентоспособность – характеристика, подчеркиваемая в рамках определения кластера, а процессы глобализации рассматриваются как благоприятствующие развитию кластеров. Проведенный литобзор нуждается в дальнейшем анализе, который бы охватил большее количество статей. Рассмотренные концепции являются довольно проработанными, так что релевантных исследований можно найти множество. Данная статья посвящена определенному аспекту рассматриваемой тематике, и проливает свет на степень развития анализируемых концепций, а также представлениям ученых о них.


Ключевые слова: глобализация; неравенство; конкуренция; кластер; мировое сообщество; образование; глобальный рынок

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Издатель: Южный Федеральный Университет
Учредитель: Южный федеральный университет
ISSN: 2073-6606